RESEARCH | What constitutes happiness and well-being? And is it culturally and socially constructed? How to measure it? Many of the challenges that we are facing in the 21st century directly touch on the notion of well-being, as well as the difficulties related to the fact that well-being is not generalize-able, it's not perceived similarly by everyone, to say the least. What does this mean for THNK? If we want to encourage apt 21st century leadership, how should we address the many different individual notions of what it means to "be well"?
Over the years, many parties have made efforts to complement narrow notions of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to measure quality of life and social progress more holistically and psychologically. In this light, the term Gross National Happiness (GNH) was introduced in 1972 by Bhutan's former King, who initially used the terminology to confirm his commitment to building an economy that would serve Bhutan's unique culture, while explicitly respecting Buddhist spiritual norms and values. Like most psychological and social indicators, Gross National Happiness is difficult to define and measure. Nevertheless, it does serve as the primary vision underlying Bhutan's five-year planning processes. All policy that is to inform the country's development—economic or otherwise—is to pass a Gross National Happiness review before being formally accepted and implemented. This review is largely fueled by the idea that human society benefits from development only when material and spiritual development occur side by side.
Gallup's global well-being statistics also attempt to measure Gross National Well-Being, which—in Gallup's view—is constituted of experiences related to health, happiness and productivity (including work, social networks, personal economics, personal health, and citizen engagement). In addition to the country-based well-being tracking, Gallup statistics attempt to shed light on the perceived prosperity of cities.
In this light, a recent Gallup poll shows that Amsterdam residents are among some of the happiest people in the world. The poll, which measures two types of well-being in 155 countries worldwide, ranks the Netherlands 4th among the happiest nations of the world. Only the Scandinavian countries surpass the Netherlands in terms of happiness.